Longwoods Publishing Corporation 


Lynn M. Nagle, RN, PhD
Assistant Professor, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto

Editor, Policy and Innovation

Gail Tomblin Murphy, RN, PhD
Professor in the School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Professions, and Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Director of Dalhousie’s WHO/PAHO Collaborating Centre on Health Workforce Planning and Research, Co-Investigator, Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto

Editor, Practice

Lianne Jeffs, RN, PhD, FAAN
Scientific Director, Nursing Health Services Research Unit Knowledge Translation and Exchange Program, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto
St. Michael’s Hospital Volunteer Association Chair in Nursing Research
Scientist, Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital

Editor, Research

Carol A. Wong, RN, MScN, PhD
Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences,The University of Western Ontario, London, ON

Book Editor

Gail J. Donner, RN, PhD
Partner, donnerwheeler, Professor Emeritus, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON

Editor Emeritus

Dorothy Pringle, OC, RN, PhD, FCAHS
Professor Emeritus & Dean Emeritus, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, Executive Lead, Health Outcomes for Better Information & Care Ontario Ministry of Health & LTC

Editorial Advisory Committee

Sue VanDeVelde-Coke, RN, MBA, PhD
President & CEO
Kerry’s Place Autism Services
Aurora, ON

Alex Harris, RN, MN/MHSc, CHE, PhD(c )
PhD student, Junior Fellow, Massey College
Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto
Toronto, ON

Alison Kitson, BSc(Hons), DPhil, RN, FRCN, FAAN
Head, School of Nursing
The University of Adelaide
Adelaide, South Australia

Kirsten Krull, RN, BAAN, MHSc, CHE
Vice President Interprofessional Practice and Chief Nursing Executivep
Hamilton Health Sciences
Hamilton, ON

Barb Mildon, RN, PhD
Vice President, Practice, HR, Research, Centre for Education & Organization Development & Chief Nursing Executive
Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences
Whitby, ON

Sheri Lynn Price, RN, PhD
Assistant Professor, School of Nursing
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS

Nancy Purdy, RN, PhD
Associate Professor, Associate Director Collaborative Degree Program
Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University
Toronto, ON

Mary-Anne Robinson, RN, BN, MSA
Edmonton, AB

Walter Sermeus, RN, PhD
Professor in Healthcare Management, Program Director Master in Healthcare Management & Nursing Science Centre for Health Services & Nursing Research
KU Leuven Institute for Healthcare Policy (Leuvens Instituut voor GezondheidszorgBeleid LIGB)
Leuven, Belgium

Lynn Stevenson, RN, PhD, FCCHL, ICD-D
Associate Deputy Minister, Health Services
Victoria, BC

Editorial Director

Dianne Foster-Kent


W. Anton Hart

Associate Publisher

Rebecca Hart

Associate Publisher/Administration

Barbara Marshall

Associate Publisher

Susan Hale

Associate Publisher

Matthew Hart

Design and Production

Antony Bickenson

The Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership is indexed in the following: Pubmed/MedlineCINAHL, Nursing Citation Index, Nursing Abstracts, CSA (Cambridge)Ulrich’sIndexCopernicusScopus, ProQuest, Ebsco Discovery Service  and is a partner of HINARI.

Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership is published four times per year by the Academy of Canadian Executive Nurses and Longwoods™ Publishing Corp. The journal is refereed and published primarily for nurse administrators, managers and educators. Information contained in this publication has been compiled from sources believed to be reliable. While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy and completeness, these are not guaranteed. The views and opinions expressed are those of the individual contributors and do not necessarily represent an official opinion of Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership or Longwoods™ Publishing Corporation. Readers are urged to consult their professional advisers prior to acting on the basis of material in this journal.

No liability for this journal’s content shall be incurred by Longwoods™ Publishing Corporation, the editors, the editorial advisory committee or any contributors.

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ISSN No. 1910-622X

eISSN No. 1929-6355